Musculoskeletal Pathologies


In chapter 4, our book talks about the musculoskeletal system. And I have learned in Dr. Johnson’s class that the muscles and joints of the body are most directly affected by massage. Massage techniques not only loosen tight muscles, they can also "smooth out", lengthen, and untwist the fascia surrounding the muscles, as increase blood and lymphatic flow locally within the tissues. Techniques such as stretches and joint mobilizations help nourish joints and increase range of motion. Although all of these effects are important in healthy clients, they are essential in clients with various musculoskeletal disorders to maintain flexibility and mobility. There are 3 types of muscle tissues: cardiac, skeletal, and smooth. Cardiac muscle tissue is found only in the heart and is and is responsible for the pumping action. It operates involuntarily; its contraction and relaxation are not consciously controlled. The smooth muscle tissue is found in the walls of hollow structures such as blood vessels, air passageways, and most abdomihopelvic organs. It is also involuntary; its contractions are controlled by the autonomic nervous system. The skeletal muscle tissue makes up skeletal muscles, most of which moves the bones of the skeleton. Other skeletal muscles move the skin or other skeletal muscles. Skeletal muscle tissue is voluntary; it’s consciously controlled by nerves from the somatic division of the nervous system. Some skeletal muscles are controlled unconsciously, for example the diaphragm, which is the main muscle of inspiration, continues to contact and relax. I have also learned about muscle tissue and how it has 4 important functions. One it produces body movements. Two, it stabilizes body positions (standing and sitting). Three, the function of muscle tissue is to store and move substances within the body. And four, the last function of muscle tissue is the generation of the heart. This chapter also talks about bones and how bones are living tissue. They are strong, flexible, and relatively light. The human body has 206 bones. Bones can be classified according to shape. These categories are long, short, flat, irregular, and sesamoid. And this concludes chapter 4.

Online Massage Therapy Pathology Class

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