Kidney Stones


One of the most painful pathologies experienced are kidney stones. They may be crystals of salts in the urine, such as uric acid or calcium. They are caused by excessive calcium intake, low water intake, or abnormally alkaline or acidic urine. When the stones get stuck in the urinary tract, they commonly produce intense pain in the midback region, which may persevere to the lower abdomen or genitals. Massage is contraindicated if the pain is severe. Massage may help reduce pain, stress, and muscle spasms in the back. It is very important that the massage therapist ask the client about any referred pain, areas of the body to avoid massaging, and positions on the massage table the client finds comfortable. Propping under the abdomen while prone and under the lower back while supine may be necessary, or a side-lying position may be used.

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