Cardiovascular Disease

by

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, by Salvo and Anderson.

Chapter 7 reviews the cardiovascular and lymphatic/ immune systems. Blood transports oxygen from the lungs and give nutrients from the digestive tract. It also works to regulate our pH balance and removes waste. Blood adjusts body temperature and protects the body from disease by clotting when the dermis is broken. The different types of blood cells are: Erthrocytes, Thrombocytes, Leukocytes, and Hemoglobin. The blood vessels that attach to the heart are: arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins. Arteries distribute blood to the body and branch off the aorta. They have thick walls with smooth muscle and elastic tissues. Veins return deoxygenated blood to the heart, except the pulmonary veins, which carry oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the heart. Interstitial fluid surrounds and baths cells and tissues and functions as a medium between blood and tissues. The excess of interstitial fluid is called edema. Lymph is interstitial fluid that drains into the lymphatic vessels and is filtered in order to remove pathogens and cellular debris. The cardiovascular system involves the blood, heart, and blood vessels. The heart has four chambers: left/ right atria, left/ right ventricles, and two valves: the tricuspid and mitral (bicuspid). There are massage techniques that involve moving the lymphatic system and allowing the blood to flow more fluidly throughout the body. The therapist needs to protect him/herself against open cuts or wounds in case the client has any transmittable diseases. For an aneurysms, arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis you must consult the clients doctor before applying deep pressure and deep tissue massages. When a client has had a cardiac arrest there first needs to be clearance from the clients health care provider, and then you may massage them depending on their stage of recovery. Make sure to keep the client warm because they may have a continuing circulation problem.

Online and Instructor-Led Massage Pathology Course

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