gastrointestinal system pathologies


The body needs energy for survival, with energy the body can create new tissues, and repair damaged or worn out organs. There are six classes of nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals and water, the last three can be absorbed as they, do not need any further breaking down. During digestion, the chemicals released by the digestive system, break down complex structures like carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. This is broken down into molecules like monosaccharides, amino acids, and triglycerides that are easily absorbed by the body. All this takes place in a synchronized manner from mouth to anus, the food is chewed by the mouth into small pieces and mixed with the saliva forming a bolus that will go down the esophagus and into the stomach for mixing with digestive juices and enzymes, and after some time depending on how heavy was the meal. The bolus becomes a watery substance called chime, the pyloric sphincter opens and the chime goes down the duodenum, there, sensors will tell how much of bile is needed to break down the fat, next pancreas will do its job. This could take from three to ten hours; most of the nutrients will be absorbed. Once in the colon most of the water will be absorbed and will become the feces, with the help of peristaltic movements they will be transported to the anus to be expelled. There are many pathologies that can affect the gastrointestinal tract the massage therapist should be very careful wile assessing clients with different gastrointestinal pathologies and if any abnormality is found during abdominal massage, the client should be advice to look for medical diagnosis.

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