Musculoskeletal Pathology

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The musculoskeletal system is made up of cardiac, smooth and skeletal muscles. Muscles produce body movements, stabilize body position and help maintain normal body temperature. Components of skeletal system are bones, cartilage, ligaments and joints. Some examples of skeletal disorders are osteoporosis, rickets, Paget disease and spondylolysis. Most common is osteoporosis which is loss of normal bone density. Use lighter pressure for someone with osteoporosis. Spinal deviations are kyphosis (posterior thoracic curve), lordosis (anterior lumbar curve) and scoliosis (lateral curvature in thorax).

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