Mental Health Disorders

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Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

Mental health is defined as the capacity to cope and adjust to the ongoing stresses of everyday life. Significant impairment of mental health to the point of inability to function is characterized as mental disorder. Neurotransmitters in the brain that are associated with mental and emotional disorders are gamma-aminobutyric acid, acetylcholine, serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. The following anxiety disorders are reviewed in this chapter: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobia disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. This chapter also discussed depression. Depression is classified as a mood disorder and as an affective disoder. The two hallmark signs of depression are prolonged period of profound sadness with marked hopelessness and a loss of self-esteem with a lack of interest in any activity. The chapter concludes with a discussion on emotional release during massage.

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