Archive for the ‘Immune System Pathology’ Category

Lymphatic and Immune System Pathologies

November 29, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

The lymphatic system is composed of lymph, lymphocytes, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, and lymphoid tissue of organs and glands. The function of the lymphatic system is to drain excess interstitial fluid, transport dietary lipids and vitamins, and to carry out immune functions. The chapter goes into more detailed overview of these functions. The body has two types of immunity: natural and acquired. The two types of lymphocytes are B and T. Both are formed in red bone marrow. B lymphocytes mature in the red bone marrow while T lymphocytes mature in the thymus. The chapter concludes with discussion of conditions of the lymphatic and immune systems.

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Functions and Massage Considerations of the Lymphatic System

August 19, 2010

The lymphatic system protects against disease. It has three major functions. The first function is to remove excess interstitial fluid. The second function is to carry dietary lipids and lipid-soluble vitamins from the digestive tract to the blood. The third function is to transport immune infections out of the body. There are two types of immunity: natural immunity and acquired immunity. Natural immunity is about nonspecific responses to invading pathogens. Examples of this include the skin, fever, digestive enzymes and inflammation. It is the first line of protection. If the immune infection gets past the natural immunity, the acquired immunity comes into action. The two types of acquired immunity are humoral immunity which involves the B cells, and cellular immunity which involves the T cells. The T cells kill the pathogen, the B cell leave antibodies to inactivate the pathogens. Massage considerations differ depending on which condition of the lymphatic system a patient has. If the patient has lymphedema or edema, you should avoid vigorous massage and aggressive techniques and elevate swollen areas above the heart. Clearing strokes should be applied centripetally. Massage for a patient with lymphangitis is postponed until medical clearance is given. Massage considerations for a patient with lymphadenopathy or lymphadenitis is to postpone if lymph nodes are enlarged or enlarged lymph nodes are locally contraindication.

Allergies and Therapy

July 30, 2010

Knowing my patients’ allergies will be a very important aspect of therapy. There are many situations in which allergies could affect the way therapy is conducted. There may be a time during therapy when I where latex gloves, but a patient could be allergic to latex. Some people are also deathly allergic to bees, in which case we would not be able to allow exposure to bees. It is also important that I know what to do if one of my patients starts experiencing anaphylaxis, either from something in session or something they ate or came in contact with beforehand. I actually have experience and training with anaphylaxis and injecting EpiPens, because I have an extreme allergy to shellfish.

Lymphatic and Immune Pathologies

July 26, 2010

Allergy considerations are crucial when conducting therapy with a client. From seasonal allergies to contact allergies, therapists must take into consideration if anything in the massage therapy session that will cause an allergic reaction. During the intake process, the patient is responsible for disclosing any known allergies he or she has. From this point, it is the responsibility of the therapist to consider all allergies when planning therapy sessions. If a person has seasonal allergies or hay fever, the therapist needs to be aware of such allergies and medications being used to treat these allergies but generally does not have to make any other special provisions when planning for therapy. If, however, someone has contact allergies, the therapist must ensure that he or she has made the therapy environment as allergen free as possibly to avoid making the client leave therapy in worse shape than when he or she came in. Among common contact allergies massage therapists must consider are:
• Latex allergies
• Formaldehyde allergies (formaldehyde can be found in cleaning products, laundry detergents,
and blended fabrics, among other things)
• Scents associated with the therapy and therapy surroundings that could trigger an allergic reaction

If the therapist makes provisions ahead of time in order to accommodate a patient who has allergies, there is no reason that the therapy session won’t be a success.

Immune System Pathology

July 21, 2010

I am one of the approximately 50 million people in the United States who has allergies. I have allergic reactions to gluten, which is a Type III Hypersensitivity. While most people that I interact with are very understanding and make any accommodations to their menus, etc that they need to for me, some people do not understand how important it is for me to not come in contact with gluten. It is very frustrating and has caused some very uncomfortable situations. I was glad to see that the book addressed how important it is for therapists to check with each client about possible allergies and then to make the appropriate accommodations.

Lymphatic and Immune System Pathology

July 19, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

Lymphatic and immune pathologies was something I had never thought to read about till a teacher of mine mentioned one of her clients had HIV and what it meant, how it was spread, contracted, and taken care of. I know of some therapist who will not work with people who are HIV positive because they don’t really know what it is even though massage could be very beneficial for some. I also learned about anaphylaxis and hypersensitivies. I feel somewhat more confident about these pathologies with having read the chapter.
Massage, Occupational, Chiropractic Massage Therapy Pathology Online Education

Food allergies

July 12, 2010

My youngest two children were born with food allergies. The middle child was sick within the first few weeks of life with respiratory issues but was too small to receive any medication. Since he was being nursed, he was reacting to the foods I was eating.  At four months old he had his first severe respiratory reaction and was having trouble breathing. I did not find out until he was a year and a half old that it was food allergies that was making him sick. His father had food allergies when he was under the age of 6 but grew out of them. The reason it was so hard to diagnose was because he did not have the usual allergic reaction to things he ate within an hour or two, it wasn’t until about 48 hours later that he would have problems breathing. The only other sign that something was wrong was mild bumps on the upper arms, nothing else. When he eats something he is allergic to I have always been able to trace it back to 48 hours prior to the ingestion time. This type of delayed reaction must be rare because all of the medical professionals we have crossed paths with have never told us about this type of reaction. I did learn about this reaction by studying anatomy and physiology as a massage therapist.

Lymphatic & Immune System Pathologies

July 6, 2010

Lymphatic system is lymph, lymphocytes, lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes. Function is to drain excess interstitial fluid, transport lipids to the blood and carry out immune functions. Some conditions of the lymphatic system are lymphedema and edema, lymphangitis, lymphadenopathy and lymphadenitis. Avoid vigorous massage in affected areas. Elevate affected area. Conditions of the immune system are allergy, chronic fatigue syndrome, AIDS. Reduce treatment time and pressure if necessary. Avoid skin lesions and enlarged lymph nodes.

Lymph and Immune System

July 6, 2010

Massage is probably one of the most helpful therapies to perform on a client suffering with a disease of the lymph to help with problems such as Edema; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and others. Therapist should know to have a light touch and not perform deep tissue massage.

Lymphatic and Immune pathologies Chapter 9

May 3, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

The Lymphatic and Immune Pathologies chapter had a lot of pathologies I wanted to learn about. Lymphedema and edema to name a few that were from the Lymphatic system, then there were allergies, chronic fatigue syndrome, Lupus, AIDS etc. coming from the Immune system. Figure 9-1 on Page 261 was good to read up on, it was about what to do in case of an anaphylaxis reaction. It gave you the symptoms, wheezing, weak pulse, confusion to name a few. Then it gave you the “what to do” info. Call 911, calm and reassure the person, check to see if they carry an EpiPen, if so maybe you will need to administer it. Etc. The chapter also had a good explanation on AIDS and HIV. What the difference of the two are. First you get HIV then AIDS may follow then death. There is no cure for AIDS.

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Hay Fever

October 30, 2009

I get hay fever 2x a year. I would not work on a client when I had acute stage, not that it’s contagious, but it would absolutely drain me. I would not be able to give my client the massage they need or paid for.

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Immune System Pathologies

October 28, 2009

It is important to check with the client on what their allergies may be. The therapist may need to change their room if they have certain candles, or anything that     may produce an odor. The therapist may also need to change their choice of oil, gel, or lotion. It is very important to use nonallergenic oils, and detergents that you wash your sheets in.

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