Archive for the ‘Cardiovascular Disease’ Category

Cardiovascular Pathologies

November 29, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

This chapter begins with descriptions of the three types of fluids: blood, interstitial fluid, and lymph, that assistance in the maintenance of homeostasis. The main components of the cardiovascular system are blood, heart and blood vessels. The function of blood being to transport glucose, amino acids, lipids and hormones, transporting oxygen to lungs and nutrients to digestive tract, removing wastes, regulation of pH and body temperature, protection of the body from disease, and blood clotting. Erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes are the types of blood cells. Pericardium, myocardium, endocardium, and epicardium are the four layers of the heart. The type of blood vessels are arteries, capillaries, and veins. Arteries take blood away from the heart, while veins take blood to the heart. Capillaries are the smallest of the blood vessels and functions to distribute nutrients and remove waste through interstitial fluid. Disorders of blood and circulation are discussed. Followed by an overview of disorders of the heart. The chapter concludes with a discussion on the diseases of arteries and veins.


The Different Types of Shock

August 12, 2010

Shock occurs when oxygen and nutrients fail to meet the needs of the body. There are five different types of shock. Cardiogenic shock is caused by heart failure. Common heart failures include heart infections, valve disorders and heart attacks. Hypovolemic shock has to do with loss of fluids, such as a hemorrhage and acute vomiting and diarrhea. Anaphylactic shock is seen is allergic reactions such as getting stung by a bee. Septic shock results from too many bacterial toxins. Neurogenic shock is probably what most people relate to when they hear someone is in shock. It can be caused intense pain, an extreme emotional event like a traumatic accident, or in some cases a spinal cord injury.

Cardiovascular Pathologies and Occupational Therapy

July 28, 2010

Not many cardiovascular diseases require massage and occupational therapy as a part of treatment, but it is very important for me to know what to do in such cases of heart attacks, shock, and cardiac arrest. These could happen at any time to any one of my patients, and I should know what is happening to their bodies and how to handle the situation. There are some side effects of cardiovascular diseases that some of my patients could also be experiencing that I should be aware of; such as those that accompany Hemophilia. Hemophilia impairs clotting, making patients much more susceptible to bruising. I would have to make sure I was extra gentle when touching them. Their fragileness could also potentially affect therapy.

Cardiovascular Pathologies

July 23, 2010

The cardiovascular system is responsible for a vast array of functions in one’s body. Any interruption in the system could lead to serious health problems and even potentially death. In any kind of therapeutic intervention one undertakes with a patient, the therapist must take steps to ensure the safety and wellbeing of a patient with cardiovascular issues. One such common problem that occurs in therapy sessions is having a patient who has a thrombosis, or formation of blood clots. When administering massage therapy to a patient who has a thrombosis, it is important to the therapist must be very, very careful. Massage of the lower extremities including massage administered via electric massagers should be withheld in order to avoid having the blood clot break free and travel along the bloodstream and into the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism. As a standard on when it is best to begin therapy once a person has been diagnosed as having a blood clot, it is generally safe for a person to continue therapy approximately 10 days after the patient has received clearance to become ambulatory.

Cardiovascular System Pathology

July 19, 2010

Knowing more about the cardiovascular pathologies is very important to me because my mother is a RN and works in the cardiovascular unit. Massaging someone means you are getting the blood moving and circulating throughout the patients body and not knowing how it will affect a client is very dangerous. If a clients wants a massage and she or he has had a heart attack I would need a Dr.’s note to be sure they were ready for a massage or knowing how medication taken before a massage goes to the blood quicker during a massage would be disastrous if one isn’t careful and takes the necessary precautions.

Varicose veins

July 14, 2010

My massage clients vary in age from very young to the eldery. I have noticed that many young people even in their twenties have already started to develop varicose veins. As far as my clients go, it seems that the females are worse than the males. Most of them are healthy and have a normal weight. It seems that alot of them do take anxiety, antidepressant, and or allergy medication. I wonder if this in addition to our poor eating, drinking, and lifestyle habits is overwhelming the liver at such a young age. A clean healthy functioning liver is vital in cleansing the blood preventing early onset of various diseases. If we educate our clients about the causes of varicose veins and how important regular detoxification of organs are, explaining to them that massage may enhance the process by promoting good circulation of blood and assisting the body to relax so it can repair the damage. This may increase their quality of life in some way.

Angina pectoris

July 12, 2010

Chest pain caused by a reduced blood supply to the heart is known as angina pectoris.  One of the three types of angina pectoris is unstable angina and may be a sign of a heart attack.

The symptoms of a heart attack are as follows:  a sudden pain on the left side of one’s chest, which may also be felt on the inner side of the left arm, the upper back, the neck or the throat, nausea, disorientation, fatigue, shortness of breath, anxiety, and intense sweating.

It is important for a massage therapist to be aware of the signs of a heart attack in case a patient experiences these symptoms.  The therapist can help assess the situation and then act accordingly.  The client should receive any previously suggested medications, such as nitroglycerin tablets.  If this is a new experience for the client, the massage therapist should call 9-1-1 if the pain lasts for longer than 2 minutes.

Cardiovascular System Pathology

July 6, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

This chapter contained 3 specific areas that make me nervous especially the last bullet as symptoms are asymptomatic

  • plaque build up in arteries
  • a blood clot/thrombus breaking away and blocking an artery in the heart and causing heart attack/death
  • aneurysm; blood clot rupture in a vein

Varicose Veins

June 2, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson.

One of the most common medical issues that I have encountered in massage is varicose veins. Although I do have clients fill out an intake form, they usually do not list varicose veins on the form. Although they are normally visual, I am always careful to check and avoid the area if there is a chance they the client has them. According to our text, varicose veins are dilated veins from incompetent valves. The condition can affect superficial or deep veins. Varicose veins are usually located in the legs, but can also be found in esophagus. Blood flow in varicose veins is turbulent and slow, which favors clotting. If varicose veins are present, the area should be avoided if the pressure causes pain or if the client has a history of clot formation. I did not realize that according to our text, less severe varicosities may benefit from massage. The massage should be geared toward reducing edema and venous stasis. The use of alternating gliding strokes toward the heart helps “milk” superficial veins and aids circulation. It was also interesting to read the “spotlight on massage” on page 257 that no research has been conducted linking massage to increasing varicosities.

Cardiovascular Pathologies Cahpter 8

May 3, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, 2nd edition, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

The Cardiovascular Pathologies chapter was a great chapter to read. I would hope that people with some of these problems would not even consider getting a massage. I would really not want to work on any of these pathologies, but if I had to this chapter is priceless. I would be very cautious. It seems you need to tread very carefully with cardiovascular pathologies. The diseases of veins I found interesting and pretty much seems like you should give very light massage to those clients that have, say mild varicose veins because they can actually benefit from massage. But should avoid areas of varicosities if pressure causes pain or it the client has a history of clot formation. Also avoid areas of clients with phlebitis because it could cause pain for the client.

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cardiovascular and lymphatic/immune systems

April 23, 2010

Not having all the elements to build a strong cardiovascular and immune systems in combination with stress and the addition of all kinds of negative to our health products like food preservatives, hormones, pesticides, fertilizers, genetically engineered fruits and vegetables, contaminated water, polluted air. Lacks of: enzymes, minerals, vitamins, amino acids all that, and probably much more, is the price of living in a modern life style society. STRESS KILLS!, is not true, stress is the one that saves our lives in case of an emergency, remember fight or flight?, it is caused by the stress hormone epinephrine, this hormone increases blood pressure and heart rate constricting and dilating different circulatory vessels, if this condition of emergency remains for too long in our bodies and repeats over and over, as with any drug, becomes addictive. Remember? I work better under pressure, my adrenaline is flowing. Over time, poor stress management will take its toll. The first heart attack or stroke is on the way. This is why cardiovascular diseases are the number one killers in the United States of North America. All this affects to, the number one protector of our body, the immune system. Massage, in clients with cardiovascular and lymphatic disorders should be oriented to relax their nervous system. Breathing, walking and stretching exercises should be recommended.

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Chapter 7

April 15, 2010

Review of Mosby’s Pathology for Massage Therapists, by Salvo and Anderson. Within the course of Dr. Johnson.

While reading Chapter 7, I learned about Cardiovascular and Lymphatic/Immune pathologies. Both systems are very closely linked, and both play a major role in maintaining homeostasis. Some signs and symptoms that come with the pathologies are difficulty breathing, skin discoloration, swollen lymph nodes, failure to gain or maintain weight, and a few more. Anemia is a common cardiovascular pathology, it is when oxygen-carrying blood is reduced and the client has fatigue, and paleness in skin, and dizziness, a massage can be preformed if the client is feeling well enough, if the client is to tired the massage can make them feel worse. AIDS is a Lymphatic/Immune pathology, it is and autoimmune disease and massage can be preformed, but the therapist need to check on the clients vitality before each massage.

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